Saturday, 4 January 2020

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10 years of iPhone: How to make a smart phone so smart?

10 years of iPhone: How to make a smart phone so smart?


Ten years of iPhone: How to make a smartphone so smart?

On January 9, 2007, Steve Jobs, one of the most influential entrepreneurs, announced the launch of a new phone that became the most profitable product in the history of the world.

It was the iPhone. The iPhone can be defined in many ways in modern economics.

Apart from its huge profitability, only two or three companies in the world are making as much money as Apple is only getting from the iPhone.

It is a fact that this one product introduced many innovations: smartphones. The iPhone and its makers represent a product that didn't exist ten years ago but have become a necessity. The iPhone has also reshaped the software, music, and advertising markets.

These are just the facts. But when you look closely, an amazing story unfolds. His credit goes to Steve Jobs and other Apple personalities, his early partner Steve Wozniak, his predecessor Tim Cook, and his junior Ivy, etc. But some of the most important characters have been forgotten in this story.

Ask yourself: What makes an iPhone an iPhone? Its superb design, it's software or hardware. But there are also some elements behind its seemingly visible design that make it and all smartphones possible.



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Economist Mariana Mazukito has identified 12 technologies used in smartphones. 1. Small microprocessors, 2. Memory chips, 3. Hard drives, 4. Liquid crystal display and 5. Lithium batteries. This is hardware.

Then there are the networks and software. 6. Fast-forward transformer algorithms that convert analog to digital signals.

And the seventh important thing is the Internet. Without the Internet, a smartphone is not smart.

8. Languages and protocols for using HTTP and HTML, the World Wide Web. 9 Cellular networks. 10. GPS or Global Positioning Systems. 11. Touch screen 12 Siri, Artificial Intelligence Program.

All these technologies are important and really important elements in the manufacture of an iPhone or any smartphone. Some of them are important but not essential.

But when Marianna Mazukito made a list of these technologies and re-evaluated them, there were some surprising factors.

The role of Steve Jobs was not the main factor in the iPhone's development. It was Uncle Sam, the US government. The government had clear support in the preparation of all 12 technologies.

Some of these cases are famous. Many people know that Tim Berners-Lee is the head of the World Wide Web. He was a software engineer stationed at Saran, a Geneva-based particle physics research center with financial support from European countries.

In addition, the Internet was started by Arpents, a program of computer networks launched in the 1960s in collaboration with the US Department of Defense. GPS was undoubtedly a military technology developed in the days of the Cold War and used by civilians in the 1980s.

Other examples are not very well known, though they are less important.

Scientific expertise in the preparation of each technology and entrepreneurship in the private sector has contributed. But it has also provided funding from governments, and generally from US government agencies and the military.

"Of course, the US military didn't make the iPhone." Saran did not create Facebook or Google. These technologies, which many people rely on and the private sector offers them for commercial purposes, include government funding.

Steve Jobs was a genius and there is no denying that. Another achievement of his was the animated studio Pixar, which changed the shape of the film world with the release of animated films like 'Toy Story'.

Even without the touch screen and the Internet and Fast Fourier transform, Steve Jobs could create something amazing. But it wouldn't have been a world-shaking technology like the iPhone.


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